Heavily-backed favorite Mahershala Ali won the best supporting actor Oscar on Sunday for his portrayal of a drug dealer in coming-of-age drama "Moonlight" -- becoming the first Muslim film star to pick up a golden statuette.
A first-time nominee, the 43-year-old actor saw off competition from Britain's Dev Patel, veteran US actors Jeff Bridges and Michael Shannon and newcomer Lucas Hedges.
"I want to thank my teachers, my professors," Ali said. "One thing that they consistently told me... 'It's not about you. It's about these characters. You are a servant. You're in service to these stories and these characters'."
He thanked his fellow cast members -- and his wife, who gave birth to their first child, a baby girl, just days earlier.
Barry Jenkins's "Moonlight" tells the life story of a young African-American struggling to find his place as he grows up in a rough neighborhood of Miami.
In a brief but acclaimed performance, Ali's drug dealer Juan imparts life lessons to the protagonist Chiron that help him survive in prison and in the outside world.
The role won Oakland-born Ali best supporting actor at the Screen Actors Guild Awards, although he lost out to Aaron Taylor-Johnson ("Nocturnal Animals") at the Golden Globes.
Ali, a Muslim convert since 1999 with a Christian minister for a mother, joined the minority Ahmadiyya Community, a movement seen as heretical by other Islamic sects, in 2001.
Muslims have won Oscars in various categories over the years -- including Pakistani documentary filmmaker Sharmeen Obaid-Chinoy and feature director Asghar Farhadi -- but none has taken a statuette for acting.
Ellen Burstyn, who won a best actress Oscar in 1975, has practiced a blend of Sufism and other religions since her late 30s but has said she considers herself a "spirit open to the truth" rather than a Muslim.
Ali recently told Britain's Radio Times magazine that he discovered he was on an FBI watchlist after the September 11, 2001 attacks.
"If you convert to Islam after a couple of decades of being a black man in the US, the discrimination you receive as a Muslim doesn't feel like a shock," he said.
"I've been pulled over, asked where my gun is, asked if I'm a pimp, had my car pulled apart. Muslims will feel like there's this new discrimination that they hadn't received before -- but it's not new for us."
Ali's previous notable roles have come in Derek Cianfrance's "The Place Beyond the Pines," Gary Ross's civil war era drama "Free State of Jones," the final two "The Hunger Games" films and, on television, Netflix's "Marvel's Luke Cage."
He is best known however for his Emmy-nominated portrayal of White House lobbyist turned chief of staff Remy Danton in Netflix political drama "House of Cards."
Born Mahershalalhashbaz Gilmore -- he was named after a child of the biblical prophet Isiah -- and raised near San Francisco, Ali studied mass communications at St. Mary's College of California.
He made his professional debut performing with the California Shakespeare Festival and, soon after, earned a master's degree in acting from New York University.
His first major movie role was in David Fincher's 2008 fantasy drama "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button," opposite Brad Pitt and Cate Blanchett.
Ali and his wife Amatus Sami-Karim have a cat called Nas, named after the US rapper.
Twitter was quick to react to the development.
While a few supported the actor and appreciated his work
I'm happy for Mahershala Ali's win tonight.It's sad that it took until 2017 for the first-ever Muslim actor to win an #Oscar #Oscars— Yukio Strachan (@boldandworthy) February 27, 2017
Donald Trump is probably pissed that two Muslims won an Oscar today: Mahershala Ali and Asghar Farhadi. Good. #Oscars— Denizcan James (@MrFilmkritik) February 27, 2017
Many criticised the move and called it a political ploy.
Muslim BLACK "Americans" like #MahershalaAli forget MUSLIMS began the Slave Trade in Africa, Still Have Slaves Today & Muhammad hated Blacks— Amy Mek (@AmyMek) February 27, 2017