The world marvelled at the intelligence and mental dexterity of Tony Stark's pet AI butler cum aide J.A,R.V.I.S in the Iron Man films. But what was till now a fragment of the sci-fi verse has now exited the realms fiction and entered the human world. 

Keeping his New Year's Resolution for the year 2016, Facebook chief Zuckerberg, on Monday, introduced the world to his very own "Jarvis", an artificial intelligence system he created in his spare time. The simple artificial AI can choose and play music, turn on lights, and recognize visitors, deciding whether to open the front door.

Source: b'Mark Zuckerberg operating Jarvis at his home | Source: YouTube\xc2\xa0'

Zuckerberg announced results of the project, a personal challenge he set for himself this year, as digital home assistants by Google Inc and Amazon.com Inc compete for holiday sales and are expected to outsell popular emerging gadgets such as virtual reality headsets and drones.

In a note written on Facebook, Zuckerberg explains that Jarvis, inspired from and named after the virtual assistant of the same name in the Iron Man films, could be a step toward a new product. 

He however cautioned that the system he had created in 100 hours over the last year was customized for his house.

Source: b'J.A.R.V.I.S in Iron Man | Source: YouTube\xc2\xa0'

Creating Jarvis proved humanity is "both closer and farther off" from an AI breakthrough than we imagine, Zuckerberg wrote.

Computers are getting very good at pick out patterns, such as face recognition, but it is difficult to teach them new things, he wrote.

"Everything I did this year -- natural language, face recognition, speech recognition and so on -- are all variants of the same fundamental pattern recognition techniques," 

"But even if I spent 1,000 more hours, I probably wouldn't be able to build a system that could learn completely new skills on its own."

By the end of the year, Jarvis was able to respond to text and voice commands and it could run music, air conditioning, doors, and other systems. It could recognize visitors, start a toaster and even shoot t-shirts from a cannon in his closet.

With more effort to broaden Jarvis' use beyond Zuckerberg's own house, the experiment "could be a great foundation to build a new product," he wrote.

Source: b"Mark Zuckerberg trying on Samsung's Oculus powered Virtual Reality headset. Facebook owns Oculus for two years now | Source: Reuters\xc2\xa0"

A dearth of internet-connected devices, lack of common standards for connected devices to communicate and challenges related to speech recognition and machine learning were all obstacles, he said.

At the same time, he said challenges lead to eureka moments.

Adjustments made to help Jarvis recognize context in commands ultimately helped the system respond to less specific requests in a better fashion, such as asking the system to "play me some music".

"I've found we use these more open-ended requests more frequently than more specific asks. No commercial products I know of do this today, and this seems like a big opportunity," he wrote.

You can read Zuckerberg's complete note here:  

Feature Image Source: Reuters/YouTube

(With inputs from Reuters)