From the majestic Himalayas in the north to the sun-kissed beaches in the south; and from the great Indian desert in the west to the breathtaking forests in the east, India’s biodiversity is not only diverse; but a true beauty to behold.


Here are some facts about the varied biodiversity of India, that make India truly distinctive from the rest of the world.

1. India is the only country in the world with native populations of both tigers and lions.

While India is the only country in the world to have Asiatic Lions, it also has indigenous populations of the Bengal Tigers.


2. India is just 2% of the world’s land mass, but is home to 8% of the world’s biodiversity.

India is one of the richest countries in terms of biodiversity. From snow-clad mountains to dry deserts; and from lush green forests to coral reefs, India has it all.

Global Citizen

3. Among plants, 33% of the world’s species are endemic to India, which means they are found nowhere else in the world. 

The presence of varied climatic regions in India makes it suitable to support a large variety of plants. 

India’s Endangered

4. Mangroves in India account for about 3% of the world’s entire mangrove vegetation.

The mangrove forests of India are unique; recording the highest number of species of plant and animals. The Sundarbans of India and Bangladesh is the only largest mangrove forest in the world colonized by the Royal Bengal Tigers.


5. India is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world. Out of 35 biodiversity hotspots in the world, India has 4 biodiversity hotspots.

Megadiverse countries are home to majority of the Earth’s species and are therefore considered extremely biodiverse. The four biodiversity hotspots in India are the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland which includes Nicobar group of islands.

World Atlas

6. India is home to 12% of the world’s bird species.

Birds play an important role in maintaining a healthy ecosystem. India is lucky to house one of the largest bird species in the world.


7. In terms of endemism, India’s position is tenth in birds with 69 species, fifth in reptiles with 156 species and seventh in amphibians with 110 species. 

Species that are endemic to India are confined within its geographical limits and are not found anywhere else on the planet. 


8.  India ranks 10th among the plant rich countries of the world.

 India is home to more than 50,000 species of plants, including a variety of endemics. 


9. India is home to nearly half of the world’s aquatic plants.

The fact that India has a coastline of about 8,000 km makes our country quite rich in its floral and faunal diversity.


10. The Kharai, a unique breed of camels that can swim are found only in Kutch, Gujarat.

Kharai camels have a special ability to swim in seawater and feed on saline plants and mangroves. They have been provided special protection by the government.


It is important that we know and appreciate the rich biodiversity of our country.