The devastating earthquake measuring 7.9 magnitude which hit Kathmandu on April 25 caused enormous damage in Nepal and in some parts of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. The strong and unexpected aftershock that hit the country on Tuesday, May 12 has been even more tragic.
Here’s looking at some of the most devastating earthquakes that hit the Indian subcontinent in the last 100 years.
The aftershock measuring 7.3 magnitude left 91 dead, and counting. Thousands have been injured.
The epicentre of the earthquake was the village of Borpak, Gorkha district. More than 7,000 people lost their lives to this tragedy.
Andaman Islands, 7.7
There were no casualties in this earthquake apart from some minor damages to infrastructure in and around Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Islamabad, Pakistan. 7.6
The earthquake was centred in the Pakistan administered Kashmir. The damages were catastrophic with around 86,000 – 87,351 dead , 69,000 – 75,266 injured and 2.8 million displaced.
Andaman Islands, Sumatra. 9.1
The event is known by the scientific community as the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake. The resulting tsunami was given various names, including the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, South Asian tsunami, Indonesian tsunami, the Christmas tsunami and the Boxing Day tsunami. It has arguably been one of the deadliest disasters ever recorded in human history as it killed over 2,30,000 people across 14 countries, and many went missing.
Bhuj, Gujarat. 7.7
This earthquake happened on the Republic Day and around 20,000 people lost their lives.
Uttarkashi, Uttarakhand. 7.0
1294 villages and more than 300,000 people were affected with the quake and 42,400 houses were damaged in the Garhwal and the Uttarkashi region.
Arunachal Pradesh. 8.7
The Assam-Tibet earthquake also known as Medog earthquake was caused by two continental plates converging instead of oceanic subduction . The casualties were between 1,500 and 3,300 .
Andaman Islands. 8.1
There are no proper records about this earthquake. But it is said that about 7,000 people were killed.
The quake occurred at Quetta, Balochistan (then a part of British India) and the casualties ranged between 30,000 and 60,000.
Bihar, Nepal. 8.2
It caused widespread damage in Northern Bihar and Nepal. T he number of deaths was 10,700 to 12,000 with 7,253 recorded in Bihar.
Kangra Valley, Himachal Pradesh. 7.8
The towns of Kangra, Mclodeganj and Dharamshala were affected and around 20,000 people lost their lives.
Feature image source : ScoopWhoop
Maps by Arya Sharma