In a landmark achievement, Scientists at the CERN's (European Organization for Nuclear Research) Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in Switzerland have announced the discovery of a new kind of particle — the 'pentaquark'.This is the second significant discovery in three years after the Higgs Boson discovery in 2012.

The existence of the pentaquark had been theoretically known since the 1960s, but scientists were not able to prove it until its detection by the LHCb experiment at the LHC, the world's most powerful particle smasher.

Source: Source: CERN

The bunch of new tests conducted at CERN have twice the energy levels they had during the last three-year experiment phase, when the existence of the Higgs Boson was confirmed.

“The pentaquark is not just any new particle,” said LHCb spokesperson Guy Wilkinson. “It represents a way to aggregate quarks, namely the fundamental constituents of ordinary protons and neutrons, in a pattern that has never been observed before in over fifty years of experimental searches. Studying its properties may allow us to understand better how ordinary matter, the protons and neutrons from which we’re all made, is constituted.”

Source: CERN

According to the physicists, this discovery could shed light on how everyday matter is constituted, and help in understanding of the strong nuclear force which is one of the four basic forces in nature, along with gravity, electromagnetic force, and the weak nuclear force.

“Benefitting from the large data set provided by the LHC, and the excellent precision of our detector, we have examined all possibilities for these signals, and conclude that they can only be explained by pentaquark states”, says LHCb physicist Tomasz Skwarnicki of Syracuse University.

"More precisely the states must be formed of two up quarks, one down quark, one charm quark and one anti-charm quark.”

Read the full report here .